Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common condition that mainly affects behaviour. It's usually diagnosed in children, but can affect adults. Symptoms include persistent restlessness, impulsiveness and/or inattention. The diagnosis is made after a detailed assessment by a healthcare professional.
The prevalence of ADHD is estimated to be around 2.4% of children in the UK. It's most often diagnosed in children aged 3-7 years, but it may not be recognised until later in life and sometimes not until adulthood, and is more commonly diagnosed in boys than in girls.
Young people and adults with ADHD may have associated problems, eg self harm, a predisposition to road traffic (and other) accidents, substance misuse, delinquency, anxiety states and academic underachievement.
ADHD is a part of a spectrum of disorders. 70% also have other conditions, such as generalised or specific learning difficulties (eg dyslexia, language disorders, autistic spectrum disorder, dyspraxia, Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome or tic disorder).
Oppositional defiant disorder or conduct disorder is present in most children with ADHD. Other associated disorders include mood disorder, anxiety disorder and specific developmental disorders such as dyslexia or dyspraxia.
Below are some services that support children and young people with ADHD.